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    Author(s): Robert A. HaackPoland M. ThereseWarren E. Heilman
    Date: 1998
    Source: 13th Conf on Biometeorology & Aerobiology. p. 319-322. (1998)
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (702.08 KB)


    In 1992, a federal quarantine was imposed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) on the movement of pine from infested counties to uninfested counties within the US (Haack 1997; Haack et al. 1997). The Tomicus quarantine allows for the movement of pine logs, pine Christmas trees, and pine nursery stock during specific times of the year based on the beetle's biology. For timing specific requirements of the quarantine, APHIS often uses single dates for the entire infested area. APHIS recognizes that considerable climatic variation takes place within the infested region, and that even more variation will occur in the future as Tomicus continues to spread. Therefore, we became interested in developing "phenological maps" that would help APHIS predict various Tomicus life history events.

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    Haack, Robert A.; Therese, Poland M.; Heilman, Warren E. 1998. Using Historical Temperature Records To Adjust The Federal Quarantine Of The Pine Shoot Beetle. 13th Conf on Biometeorology & Aerobiology. p. 319-322. (1998)


    historical temperature records, ferderal quarantine, pine shoot beetle, Tomicus, United States Department of Agriculture, APHIS

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