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    Author(s): John P. Gerlach; Daniel W. Gilmore; Klaus J. Puettmann; John C. Zasada
    Date: 2002
    Source: Staff Paper Series Number 155 Department of Forest Resources. p. 1-274. (2002)
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (4.72 MB)


    Most of the world?s forests are dominated by mixed species stands but until recently, most forest management activities have focused on the development of single-species stands. To maximize fiber production, monoculture plantations were preferred because management and growth and yield prediction were simplified. This model of forest management developed because the primary objective of forest management was to ensure the supply of high quality timber at a minimal cost. Forestry has changed through an increased understanding of forest ecosystems and societal expectations. Mixed-species stands are generally believed to be superior to monocultures in addressing the complexity of current expectations, thus the interest in the ecology and management of mixed-species stands has increased in recent decades. This annotated bibliography was prepared with the intent of providing researchers, students, private woodland owners, forest resource managers, and policy makers with a summary of the literature on mixed-species management in the Great Lakes region published between 1938 and late 2001. This geographic region in North America is unique in that it encompasses an area where there is an interface of the southern boreal, northern hardwood, central hardwood, and prairie ecosystems.

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    Gerlach, John P.; Gilmore, Daniel W.; Puettmann, Klaus J.; Zasada, John C. 2002. Mixed-species forest ecosystems in the Great Lakes region: A bibliography. Staff Paper Series Number 155 Department of Forest Resources. p. 1-274. (2002)


    North America, southern boreal, northern hardwood, central hardwood, prairie ecosystems, Great Lakes region, forest ecosystems, annotated bibliography

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