Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
The Longleaf Pine Ecosystem of the SouthAuthor(s): Kenneth W. Outcalt
Source: Native Plants Journal, Volume 1, Number 1.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (6.5 MB)
DescriptionLongleaf pine (Pinus palustris P. Mill. [Pinaceae]) was the most prevalent pine type in the southern US Stands of longleaf were also habitat for a vast array of plant species. Decades of timber harvest followed by conversion to agriculture, urban development, or to other pine species, have reduced longleaf dominated areas to less than 5% of its original range. This paper discusses the habitat and history of this one vast resource, outlining its key role as an integral part of native plant communities.I also focus on the more recent recognition of the ecological importance of longleaf pine ecosystems. This appreciation, along with advances in technology and additional information, are combining to reverse the long-term trend and should help ensure that longleaf communities remain as a viable and valuable part of the South's heritage.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationOutcalt, Kenneth W. 2000. The Longleaf Pine Ecosystem of the South. Native Plants Journal, Volume 1, Number 1.
Keywordsrestoration, wiregrass, fire, bluestem
- Restoration of Longleaf Pine Ecosystems
- Within-stand variation in understorey vegetation affects fire behaviour in longleaf pine xeric sandhills
- Ground-based LIDAR: a novel approach to quantify fine-scale fuelbed characteristics
XML: View XML