Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    Advoiding predation is an important consideration for any potential prey animal. Failure to escape from a predator results in loss of fitness, so there is strong selection for choices and behaviors that result in successful escape (Lima and Dill 1990). In their cost-benefit approach to flight from predators, Ydenberg and Dill (1986) stressed that flight should be optimized rather than maximized, because there is a cost (usually cessation of feeding) incurred by fleeing from predation. Field studies have largely supported their predictions (see Bonenfant and Kramer 1996).

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Burhans, Dirk E.; Thompson, Frank R. III. 2001. Relationship of songbird nest concealment to nest fate and flushing behavior of adults. Auk. Vol. 118, no. 1 (Jan. 2001).:p. 237-242 : ill.


    Wild birds, Nesting, Flushing, Reproductive behavior, Adults, Flight, Parasitism, Predator prey relationships, Missouri, Nest concealment

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page