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    Author(s): Dirk E. BurhansFrank R. III Thompson
    Date: 2001
    Source: Auk. Vol. 118, no. 1 (Jan. 2001).:p. 237-242 : ill.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.18 MB)


    Advoiding predation is an important consideration for any potential prey animal. Failure to escape from a predator results in loss of fitness, so there is strong selection for choices and behaviors that result in successful escape (Lima and Dill 1990). In their cost-benefit approach to flight from predators, Ydenberg and Dill (1986) stressed that flight should be optimized rather than maximized, because there is a cost (usually cessation of feeding) incurred by fleeing from predation. Field studies have largely supported their predictions (see Bonenfant and Kramer 1996).

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    Burhans, Dirk E.; Thompson, Frank R. III. 2001. Relationship of songbird nest concealment to nest fate and flushing behavior of adults. Auk. Vol. 118, no. 1 (Jan. 2001).:p. 237-242 : ill.


    Wild birds, Nesting, Flushing, Reproductive behavior, Adults, Flight, Parasitism, Predator prey relationships, Missouri, Nest concealment

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