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The Development of improved willow clones for eastern North AmericaAuthor(s): R. F. Kopp; L. B. Smart; C. A. Maynard; J. G. Isebrands; G. A. Tuskan; L. P. Abrahamson
Source: Forestry chronicle. Vol. 77, no. 2 (Mar./Apr. 2001):p. 287-292.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionEfforts aimed at genetic improvement of Salix are increasing in North America.Most of these are directed towards developing improved clones for biomass production, phytoremediation, nutrient filters, and stream bank stabilization in the Northeast and North-central United States. Native species are of primary interest, but a small number of clones containing non-native germplasm are also being used in the breeding program to provide valuable traits. Parent combinations for controlled crosses are being selected with the hope of maximizing the probability of producing clones exhibiting heterosis for traits of interest, such as rapid early growth, psot resistance, general adaptability, etc. The present strategy is to test as many parent clone combinations as possible, and then repeat the most promising crosses to product large families from which the best clones will be selected for further testing. Molecular fingerprinting technology will be applied to accelerate the rate of improvement. National and international cooperation would facilitate regional clone development and promotion of willow as a bioenergy crop.
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CitationKopp, R. F.; Smart, L. B.; Maynard, C. A.; Isebrands, J. G.; Tuskan, G. A.; Abrahamson, L. P. 2001. The Development of improved willow clones for eastern North America. Forestry chronicle. Vol. 77, no. 2 (Mar./Apr. 2001):p. 287-292.
KeywordsSalix, Biomass production, Breeding, Heterosis, Genetic improvement, Clones, North America
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