Skip to Main Content
Synergistic effect of ethanol to a-pinene in primart attraction of the larger pine shoot beetle, Tomicus piniperdaAuthor(s): Dariusz Czokajlo; Stephen A. Teale
Source: Journal of Chemical Ecology. 25(5): 1121-1130. (1999)
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (400.54 KB)
Descriptiona-Pinene and ethanol were released in the approximate proportions 1:0.1, 1:0.9 and 1:9 (at 21oC). Ethanol, released in the range of 3-279 mg/day, generally synergized the attraction of T. piniperda to a-pinene(30 mg/day at 21oC), although attraction to the mixtures varied within and between years. The low release rate of ethanol together with a-pinene attracted a significantly higher number of beetles than a-pinene alone in 1995, April of 1996, and in 1997. Lures with the medium release rate of ethanol were the most attractive only in March of 1996. The high dose of ethanol significantly synergized attraction to a-pinene in 1995 and 1997. The variable attraction of T. pinipeda to ethanol and a-pinene at various release rates and proportions may be due to the temperature dependent nature of beetle antennal sensitivity. At ambient temperatures of 10-13oC. T. piniperda was most attracted to the lures with a-pinene and high release rates of ethanol, at 14-17oC it was most attracted to those with medium release rates of ethanol, and at 18oC and higher it was most attracted to those with low release rates of ethanol.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationCzokajlo, Dariusz; Teale, Stephen A. 1999. Synergistic effect of ethanol to a-pinene in primart attraction of the larger pine shoot beetle, Tomicus piniperda. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 25(5): 1121-1130. (1999)
KeywordsTomicus piniperda, synergism, a-pinene, ethanol, ambient air temperature, release rates
- Evaluation of three trap types and five lures for monitoring Hylurgus ligniperda (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and other local scolytids in New York
- Dose and Enantiospecific Responses of White Pine Cone Beetles, Conophthorus coniperda, to a-Pinene in an Eastern White Pine Seed Orchard
- New lure for the larger pine shoot beetle, Tomicus piniperda - attractant/trap design combinations tested in North America and Europe
XML: View XML