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Collaborative recreation and tourism planning within a national park context: the process, stakeholder identification, and expected outcomesAuthor(s): Richard O. B. Makopondo
Source: In: Schuster, Rudy, comp., ed. Proceedings of the 2002 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-302. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 201-207
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
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DescriptionRecent economic, political, and social forces have resulted in collaboration and public-private partnerships being endorsed as sound mechanisms for planning, developing, managing, and marketing recreation and tourism on public lands (Selin and Chavez 1995; WTO 1996; Selin and Myers 1998; Crompton 1998; Bramwell and Lane 2000). Generally, many commentators contend that stakeholder collaboration has the potential to lead to dialogue, negotiations, and the building of mutually acceptable proposals about how tourism should be developed (Bramwell and Lane 2000). However, despite their endorsement, little empirical research has been conducted to explain the processes that occur when interactions take place within recreation and tourism partnerships (Selin and Chavez 1994). Little is known about how the objectives, processes, and outcomes of collaborative alliances are shaped by the nature of their participants (Wood and Gray, 1991). This study used qualitative research methods including participant observation, document analysis, informal discussions, and personal interviews to investigate the processes through which conveners identified potential stakeholders to form the Boston Harbor Islands National Park Area Partnership and to participate in the park's General Management Planning process. The study documents the influence of stakeholder groups on the outcomes of the planning process and raises specific issues for future research.
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CitationMakopondo, Richard O. B. 2003. Collaborative recreation and tourism planning within a national park context: the process, stakeholder identification, and expected outcomes. In: Schuster, Rudy, comp., ed. Proceedings of the 2002 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-302. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 201-207
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