Skip to Main Content
Using spatially variable overstory retention to restore structural and compositional complexity in pine ecosystemsAuthor(s): Brian J. Palik; Christel C. Kern; Robert Mitchell; Stephen Pecot
Source: In: Peterson, Charles E.; Maguire, Douglas A., eds. Balancing Ecosystem Values: Innovative Experiments for sustainable Forestry: Proceedings of a Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-635.Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 285-290
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (535.56 KB)
DescriptionIncreasingly, forest managers incorporate overstory retention into silvicultural prescriptions for forests traditionally managed for single-cohort structure. The ecological benefits of retention may come at the cost of reduced growth of tree regeneration because of competition with residual trees. An important question in retention research, and its application, is how spatial pattern of retention (e.g., dispersed, aggregate) influences resource availability and heterogeneity, competitive environments, and regeneration dynamics. Recently, we initiated two operational-scale experiments in pine ecosystems (longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Miller) in southern Georgia, USA and red pine (Pinus resinosa Aiton) in northern Minnesota, USA) to address questions about the influence of retention pattern on resource availability and tree regeneration. These experiments address the hypothesis that resource availability at the stand scale will be highest with aggregate retention rather than dispersed retention because of nonlinear relationships between competitor abundance and target plant response. In both studies, our goal is to test approaches for restoring age diversity in single-cohort stands, while minimizing competitive inhibition of the new cohort. Our initial results show clearly that spatial pattern of retention has a significant effect on stand-scale resource availability and regeneration growth.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationPalik, Brian J.; Kern, Christel C.; Mitchell, Robert; Pecot, Stephen. 2005. Using spatially variable overstory retention to restore structural and compositional complexity in pine ecosystems. In: Peterson, Charles E.; Maguire, Douglas A., eds. Balancing Ecosystem Values: Innovative Experiments for sustainable Forestry: Proceedings of a Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-635.Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 285-290
KeywordsStructural complexity, biological legacies, overstory retention, longleaf pine, red pine, regeneration, plant competition, productivity
- Spatial Distribution of Overstory Retention Influences Resources and Growth of Longleaf Pine Seedlings
- The effect of spatially variable overstory on the understory light environment of an open-canopied longleaf pine forest
- New cohort growth and survival in variable retention harvests of a pine ecosystem in Minnesota, USA
XML: View XML