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    Author(s): Kerry D. Woods
    Date: 2000
    Source: Journal of Ecology. Volume 88. 2000. pp. 267-282
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (985.64 KB)

    Description

    When unlogged, mesic forest of the Great lakes region of North America are "slow systems' dominant trees can live for over 300 years and canopy-residence times range from 100 to over 200 years (frelich & Lorimer 1991: Frelich & Graumlich 1994: parshall 1995: Dahir & Lorimer 1996: Woods 2000). Catastrophic wind-throw caused by tornadoes and derecho events may be the most important standing-initiating disturbances in mesic stands but return times for such occurrences appear to exceed a millennium (lorimer 1977: Canham & Loucks 1984: Whitney 1990: Seischab & Orwig 19910. It is therefore likely taht prior to the onset of widespread logging, large portions of the landscape were occupied by late-successional forest s in which intense disturbance had not occurred for serveral tree generations.

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    Citation

    Woods , Kerry D. 2000. Long-term change and spatial pattern in a late-successional hemlock-northern hardwood forest. Journal of Ecology. Volume 88. 2000. pp. 267-282

    Keywords

    Acer saccharum, succession, Fagus grandifolia, permanent plots, Tsuga canadensis

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