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    Author(s): Richard E. Dickson; Patricia T. Tomlinson; J. G. Isebrands
    Date: 2000
    Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research. Volume 30. 2000. 1308-1317
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (816.4 KB)

    Description

    The episodic or flushing growth habit of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.,) has a significant influence on carbon fixation, carbon transport from source leaves, and carbon allocation within the plant; however, the impact of episodic growth on carbon parciprioning among chemical fractions is unknown. Median-flush leaves of the first and second flush were photosynthetically labeled with 14CO and partitioning of 14C into lipids and pigments, sugars, amino acids, organic acids, protein, starch, and structural carbohydrates of source leaves, stem, and roots was determined. In addition, four chemical fractions (sugars, starch, amino acids, and total structural carbohydrates) were quantitatively analyzed in leaves, stems, roots. Chemical changes in source leaves reflected maturation, changing sink demand during a growth cycle, and leaf senescence. Starch and sugar storage in leaves, stems, and roots during lag and bud growth stages indicate a feedback response of these tissues to decreasing sink strength and temporary storage of both starch and sugar in these plant tissues. Northern red oak, with episodic shoot growth patterns, provides an experimental system in which large changes in sink strength occur naturally and require no plant manipulation. Metabolic changes in leaf, stem, and root tissue of red oak have broad application for other oak species and for both temperate and tropical tree species with cyclic growth habits.

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    Citation

    Dickson, Richard E.; Tomlinson, Patricia T.; Isebrands, J. G. 2000. Partitioning of current photosynthate to different chemical fractions in leaves, stems, and roots of northern red oak seedlings during episodic growth. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. Volume 30. 2000. 1308-1317

    Keywords

    partitioning, photosynthate, leaves, stems, roots, northern red oak, episodic growth, flushing growth

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