Skip to Main Content
Validity of using photographs to simulate visible qualities of forest recreation environmentsAuthor(s): Robin E. Hoffman; James F. Palmer
Source: In: Vander Stoep, Gail A., ed. Proceedings of the 1994 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium; 1994 April 10-12; Saratoga Springs, NY.: Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-198. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 83-89
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (951.7 KB)
DescriptionForest recreation managers and researchers interested in conserving and improving the visual quality and recreation opportunities available in forest environments must often resort to simulations as a means of illustrating alternatives for potential users to evaluate. This paper reviews the results of prior research evaluating the validity of using photographic simulations to represent forest environments (i.e. comparing responses obtained in the field to those of photographic representations). The findings of three previously unreported validity tests conducted in northeastern forests are presented. The results indicate that simulations are both effective and appropriate useful to represent in stand conditions. However, simulations that involve a portion of a wider vista may have difficulty establishing the wider context of the scenes.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHoffman, Robin E.; Palmer, James F. 1995. Validity of using photographs to simulate visible qualities of forest recreation environments. In: Vander Stoep, Gail A., ed. Proceedings of the 1994 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium; 1994 April 10-12; Saratoga Springs, NY.: Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-198. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 83-89
- Effects of gypsy moth infestation on aesthetic preferences and behavior intentions
- An outdoor recreation use model with applications to evaluating survey estimators
- Using GLEAMS to Select Environmental Windows for Herbicide Application in Forests
XML: View XML