Skip to Main Content
Perceived constraints by non-traditional users on the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National ForestAuthor(s): Elizabeth A. Covelli; Robert C. Burns; Alan Graefe
Source: In: Burns, R.; Robinson, K., comps. Proceedings of the 2006 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium; 2006 April 9-11; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-14. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 422-429.
Publication Series: General Technical Report - Proceedings
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (124.1 KB)
DescriptionThe purpose of this study was to investigate the constraints that non-traditional users face, along with the negotiation strategies that are employed in order to start, continue, or increase participation in recreation on a national forest. Non-traditional users were defined as respondents who were not Caucasian. Additionally, both constraints and negotiation strategies were examined to see if they predict participation for non-traditional users. The study took place on the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest in Washington, during the summer of 2005. A quantitative survey method was used, with a total of 235 surveys collected. More than half of the respondents were classified as non-traditional users. The findings of the study suggest that non-traditional users were more constrained than traditional respondents. A majority of the significant constraints items were found in the structural domain, which are constraints items that can be influenced or changed by forest managers. Items related to information and awareness, along with cultural reasons, were significantly more constraining for non-traditional users. Although non-traditional users perceived more constraints than traditional users, the same results were not evident for the negotiation strategies. Overall, traditional users employed more strategies than non-traditional users.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationCovelli, Elizabeth A.; Burns, Robert C.; Graefe, Alan. 2007. Perceived constraints by non-traditional users on the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest. In: Burns, R.; Robinson, K., comps. Proceedings of the 2006 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium; 2006 April 9-11; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-14. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 422-429.
- An Examination of Perceived Constraints to Outdoor Recreation
- Outdoor Recreation Constraints: An Examination of Race, Gender, and Rural Dwelling
- The effects of perceived leisure constraints among Korean university students
XML: View XML