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    Author(s): David R. DeWalle; Jeffrey S. Tepp; Callie J. Pickens; Pamela J. Edwards; William E. Sharpe
    Date: 1995
    Source: In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L. C., ed. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV.: Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 179-187
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.24 MB)

    Description

    The chemical element content of black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) tree rings showed significant changes related to annual ammonium sulfate treatments on one watershed (Fernow WS-3) which exhibited a significant increase in streamflow N export due to treatment. However, tree-ring, soil and streamflow chemistry did not respond to the same treatment on another watershed (Clover Run WS-9). On WS-3, tree-ring concentrations of P, K, Ca, Mg, B, Zn, S and Sr were higher and concentrations of Mn, Fe, Cu and A1 were lower in wood formed either before or after treatment. Lack of response to treatment on WS-9 was largely due to soil retention of N, lack of nitrate leaching and possibly the location of the sampled trees near the watershed mouth. Overall, black cherry tree-ring chemistry was consistent with streamflow chemistry changes caused by treatment and the method shows promise as an index to soil chemistry changes. Sapflow in rings formed prior to treatment and/or radial translocation prevented an exact determination of the year of treatment initiation.

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    Citation

    DeWalle, David R.; Tepp, Jeffrey S.; Pickens, Callie J.; Edwards, Pamela J.; Sharpe, William E. 1995. Tree-ring chemistry response in black cherry to ammonium sulfate fertilization at two West Virginia sites. In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L. C., ed. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV.: Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 179-187

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