Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Ron A. Rathfon; Don J. Kaczmarek; Phil E. Pope
    Date: 1995
    Source: In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L. C., ed. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV.: Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 349-362
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.86 MB)

    Description

    Little research has been conducted on the use of mechanical site preparation or fertilization in the Central Hardwood Region. Many hardwood plantings, particularly oak plantings, on old field sites in the region have resulted in high rates of mortality, stem die-back, and slow early-growth rates. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mechanical site preparation techniques and fertilization on the early survival and growth of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) seedlings planted on an old field site in southern Indiana. The study was initiated in the Spring of 1993 on a severely eroded old field site, which had a history of successive plantation failures. The treatments included all possible combinations of subsoiling, tillage, and fertilization. Each treatment combination was replicated four times. Subsoiling was accomplished to a 45 - 50 cm depth. Conventional tillage consisted of a three bottom moldboard plow followed by disking to a tillage depth of approximately 25 cm. Fertilization consisted of 336 kg nitrogen/ha, 98 kg phosphorus/ha, 93 kg potassium/ha, 224 kg calcium/ha, 56 kg magnesium/ha, 112 kg sulfur/ha, and 560 kg lime/ha. Seedling survival, diameter and height growth, root growth parameters, and foliage nutrient concentrations were measured. Deer browsing was also monitored. After one growing season, survival exceeded 99% over all treatments. Fertilization produced a 47% and 60% increase in height and diameter growth, respectively, over the unfertilized treatments. Subsoiling and tillage did not appear to significantly increase tree stem growth. Fertilized seedlings had higher foliar N concentrations, dark green foliage and 2.1 growth flushes during the first growing season compared to the yellow-green foliage and the 1.2 growth flushes produced by unfertilized seedlings. Fertilized trees were favored by the deer for browse, but resprouted vigorously following browsing. Nitrogen was the main factor limiting tree growth. Fertilization enhanced height growth by inducing multiple growth flushes throughout the growing season. Because the results of this study are preliminary, treatment effects will be monitored through the establishment phase of the plantation.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Rathfon, Ron A.; Kaczmarek, Don J.; Pope, Phil E. 1995. Site preparation for red oak plantation establishment on old field sites in southern Indiana. In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L. C., ed. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV.: Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 349-362

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page