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    Author(s): E.L. Shafer; T. J. Grisez; Ed Sowa
    Date: 1961
    Source: Forest Research Note NE-121. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1-7.
    Publication Series: Forest Research Note
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (579.29 KB)

    Description

    To demonstrate how deer browsing affects natural tree seedling and sprout reproduction, two groups of deer exclosures were established in the Pocono Mountains of northeastern Pennsylvania. Study of these exclosures after seven growing seasons confirms what other studies elsewhere have found: that when deer are too numerous for their natural food supply, it is impossible to achieve a balanced multiple use of forest land for both timber production and wildlife habitat.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Shafer, E.L.; Grisez, T. J.; Sowa, Ed. 1961. Results of deer exclosure studies in northeastern Pennsylvania. Forest Research Note NE-121. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1-7.

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