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Sugar maple: its characteristics and potentialsAuthor(s): Ralph D. Nyland
Source: In: Horsley, Stephen B.; Long, Robert P., eds. Sugar maple ecology and health: proceedings of an international symposium; 1998 June 2-4; Warren, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-261. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 1-13.
Publication Series: Other
Station: Northeastern Research Station
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DescriptionSugar maple dominates the northern hardwood forest, but grows over a broader geographic area. Conditions of soil and climate largely limit its distribution, and account for its less continuous cover along fringes of the range. Sugar maple regenerates readily following a wide range of overstory treatments. Success depends upon its status as advance regeneration, particularly under strategies favorable to less shade-tolerant species. In even-aged stands, trees of upper canopy positions grow well following release by cutting. Those of lower canopy positions do not. in uneven-aged stands, both small and large trees respond well to release. Diameter-limit cutting removes the best trees, often leaving stands in poor condition for growth and health. Damage to trees by natural agents and logging commonly leads to discoloration and decay, and often to dieback. Within the range of northern hardwoods, sugar maple seems generally healthy. Exceptions include stands damaged by defoliation, logging, and similar agents.
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CitationNyland, Ralph D. 1999. Sugar maple: its characteristics and potentials. In: Horsley, Stephen B.; Long, Robert P., eds. Sugar maple ecology and health: proceedings of an international symposium; 1998 June 2-4; Warren, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-261. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 1-13.
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