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Biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur at the Howland Integrated Forest Study site, Howland, MaineAuthor(s): James W. McLaughlin; Ivan J. Fernandez; Stewart M. Goltz; Lindsey E. Rustad; Larry Zibilske
Source: In: Hom, John; Birdsey, Richard; O'Brian, Kelly, eds. Proceedings 1995 meeting of the northern global change program; Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 68-76.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
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DescriptionThe biogeochemistry of C, N, and S was studied for six years at the Howland Integrated Forest Study (HIFS) site by measuring those constituents in major above- and below-ground pools and fluxes. Leaching losses of C from the solum were much less than CO2 efflux, with a mean annual leaching rate of 31.2 kg ha-1 yr-1. Carbon return to the forest floor via litterfall and outputs via CO2 efflux were relatively equal. Mean annual total (wet+plus) atmospheric deposition inputs were 5.51 kg ha-1 yr-1 for NO3--N, 2.64 kg ha-1 yr-1 for NH4+-N, and 8.09 kg ha-1 yr-1 for SO42--S; wet deposition inputs for C were 6.67 kg ha-1 yr-1. Sulfur-deposition, in the form of SO2 dry deposition, and SO42- in wet deposition showed significant decreasing temporal trends during the six year study period. There were no significant temporal trends for NO3- in neither dry nor wet deposition. Wet deposition of NH4+, however, showed a significant decreasing pattern through the study period. Decreases in precipitation chemical flux was likely the result of decreases in precipitation volume through the study period because no significant decreases in concentration of SO42- or NH4+ occurred. There was a net ecosystem retention of NO3- and NH4+, attributable to the N-deficiency of this forest. Mean annual input-output for SO42-, however, was near zero for the study period, indicating the conservative behavior of that ion in this ecosystem. Ongoing research is attempting to further define the temporal trends in C, N, and S cycling, and to determine the mechanisms controlling these characteristics including the effects of temperature and moisture.
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CitationMcLaughlin, James W.; Fernandez, Ivan J.; Goltz, Stewart M.; Rustad, Lindsey E.; Zibilske, Larry. 1996. Biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur at the Howland Integrated Forest Study site, Howland, Maine. In: Hom, John; Birdsey, Richard; O''Brian, Kelly, eds. Proceedings 1995 meeting of the northern global change program; Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 68-76.
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