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    Author(s): D.W. George; T.W. Bowersox; L.H. McCormick
    Date: 1991
    Source: In: McCormick, Larry H.; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds. Proceedings, 8th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1991 March 4-6; University Park, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-148. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 395-401.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.15 MB)

    Description

    Electric fences are used in Pennsylvania following a timber harvest to reduce deer browse on natural regeneration. In 1984, five-strand electric deer fences were constructed around two central Pennsylvania clearcuts. Northern red oak, white ash, white pine, and yellow-poplar seedlings were planted inside each fenced clearcut area in 1984 and 1985. One-half of the 1280 seedlings for each species were maintained free from herbaceous and woody vegetation competition with annual applications of glyphosate. Seedling survival, height and deer browsing in the growing season were recorded annually for four years. These data were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of electric deer fences to reduce deer browsing on planted seedlings with emphasis on (a) years from construction, (b) species, and (c) species specific height growth.

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    Citation

    George, D.W.; Bowersox, T.W.; McCormick, L.H. 1991. Effectiveness of electric deer fences to protect planted seedlings in Pennsylvania. In: McCormick, Larry H.; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds. Proceedings, 8th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1991 March 4-6; University Park, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-148. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 395-401.

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