Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Deploying wildland fire suppression resources with a scenario-based standard response modelAuthor(s): Robert G. Haight; Jeremy S. Fried
Source: INFOR. 45(1): 31?39.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (189.49 KB)
DescriptionWildland fire managers deploy suppression resources to bases and dispatch them to fires to maximize the percentage of fires that are successfully contained before unacceptable costs and losses occur. Deployment is made with budget constraints and uncertainty about the daily number, location, and intensity of fires, all of which affect initial-attack success. To address the deployment problem, we formulate a scenario-based standard response model with two objective functions: the number of suppression resources deployed and the expected daily number of fires that do not receive a standard response, defined as the desired number of resources that can reach the fire within a specified response time. To determine how deployment levels affect the standard response objective, a weighted sum of the objective functions is minimized, and the weights are ramped from large to small to generate the tradeoffs. We use the model to position up to 22 engines among 15 stations in the Amador-El Dorado unit of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection in central California.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHaight, Robert G.; Fried, Jeremy S. 2007. Deploying wildland fire suppression resources with a scenario-based standard response model. INFOR. 45(1): 31?39.
KeywordsCalifornia Fire Economics Simulator, fire suppression, integer programming, linear programming, scenario optimization, wildfire management
- Deploying wildland fire suppression resources with a scenario-based standard response model.
- Deploying initial attack resources for wildfire suppression: spatial coordination, budget constraints, and capacity constraints
- Designing seasonal initial attack resource deployment and dispatch rules using a two-stage stochastic programming procedure
XML: View XML