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Red spruce stand dynamics, simulations, and restoration opportunities in the central AppalachiansAuthor(s): James S. Rentch; Thomas M. Schuler; W. Mark Ford; Gergory J. Nowacki
Source: Restoration Ecology. 15(3): 440-452.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (689.44 KB)
DescriptionRed spruce (Picea rubens)-dominated forests occupied as much as 600,000 ha in West Virginia prior to exploitive logging era of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Subsequently, much of this forest type was converted to northern hardwoods. As an important habitat type for a number of rare or sensitive species, only about 12,000 ha of red spruce forests presently remain in the state. In order to assess the prospects for restoration, we examined six northern hardwood stands containing understory red spruce to (1) characterize stand dynamics and regeneration patterns and (2) simulate the effectiveness of restoration silviculture to enhance red spruce overstory recruitment.
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CitationRentch, James S.; Schuler, Thomas M.; Ford, W. Mark; Nowacki, Gergory J. 2007. Red spruce stand dynamics, simulations, and restoration opportunities in the central Appalachians. Restoration Ecology. 15(3): 440-452.
Keywordsnatural disturbance regime, natural regeneration, northern hardwood forests, tree release
- Release of Suppressed Red Spruce Using Canopy Gap Creation--Ecological Restoration in the Central Appalachians
- Using scenario modeling for red spruce restoration planning in West Virginia
- Red spruce restoration modeling in LANDIS
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