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    Author(s): Roswell D. Carpenter; David L. Sonderman; Everette D. Rast; Martin J. Jones
    Date: 1989
    Source: Agric. Handb. 678. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 88 p.
    Publication Series: Other
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (23.87 MB)

    Description

    Includes detailed information on all common defects that may aRect hardwood trees and logs. Relationships between manufactured products and those forms of round material to be processed from the tree for conversion into marketable products are discussed. This handbook supersedes Agriculture Handbook No. 244, Grade defects in hardwood timber and logs, by C.R. Lockard, J.A. Putnam, and R.D. Carpenter, 1963.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
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    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Carpenter, Roswell D.; Sonderman , David L.; Rast, Everette D.; Jones, Martin J. 1989. Defects in hardwood timber. Agric. Handb. 678. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 88 p.

    Keywords

    hardwood timber, timber quality, defects, scalable defects, grade defects, tree grades, log grades, stand evaluation

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