Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): R. K. Kolka; C. C. Trettin; E. A. Nelson; C. D. Barton; D. E. Fletcher
    Date: 2002
    Source: Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Restoration 1(1): 37-51
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.48 MB)

    Description

    Forested wetland restoration assessment is difficult because of the timeframe necessary for the development of a forest ecosystem. The development of a forested wetland ecosystem includes the recovery of hydrology, soils, vegetation, and faunal communities. To assess forested wetland restoration projects, measures need to be developed that are sensitive to early changes in community development and are predictive of future conditions. In this study we apply the EPA's Wetland Research Program's (WRP) approach to assess the recovery of two thermally altered riparian wetland systems in South Carolina. In one of the altered wetland systems, approximately 75% of the wetland was planted with bottomland tree seedlings in an effort to hasten recovery. Individual studies addressing hydrology, soils, vegetation and faunal communities indicate variable recovery responses. Our recovery trajectories indicate that hydrology may take 20-30 years to recover, soil carbon upwards of 60 years and 20-30 years for forest floor processes. Herbaceous vegetation and stream macrophytes appear to take 20-30 years to recover, however, trees will take considerably longer. Stream fauna appear to recover in about 20-30 years while bird populations are on 40-60 year recovery trajectory. Based on the current data, it appears that both wetland systems are on a path toward recovery and that site preparation and planting of seedlings has not accelerated the recovery process.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Kolka, R. K.; Trettin, C. C.; Nelson, E. A.; Barton, C. D.; Fletcher, D. E. 2002. Application of the EPA Wetland Research Program Approach to a floodplain wetland restoration assessment. Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Restoration 1(1): 37-51

    Keywords

    Wetland, restoration, assessment, bottomland, riparian, succession, soil, hydrology, vegetation, fauna

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/13988