Skip to Main Content
Effects of soil compaction, forest leaf litter and nitrogen fertilizer on two oak species and microbial activityAuthor(s): D. Jordan; F., Jr. Ponder; V. C. Hubbard
Source: Applied Soil Ecology 23(1):33-41
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: View PDF (901.92 KB)
DescriptionA greenhouse study examined the effects of soil compaction and forest leaf litter on the growth and nitrogen (N) uptake and recovery of red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea Muencch) seedlings and selected microbial activity over a 6-month period. The experiment had a randomized complete block design with three replications. Ammonium 15N-sulfate at 33 mg 15N kg-1 was used to quantify seedling N uptake and recovery. After 6 months, seedlings were harvested and analyzed for dry matter production, total N, 15N uptake and N derived from 15N labeled fertilizer (Ndff). Soil enzyme activity and soil microbial biomass C and N were measured as indicators of microbial activity. Soil compaction significantly decreased seedling height, dry matter production, and 15N recovery of both oak species. Significantly greater N losses were observed in compacted pots compared with the non-compacted pots. Less 15N was immobilized in the soil microbial biomass in the compacted pots than under non-compacted conditions, probably due to greater overall 15N losses in the compacted conditions. Soil compaction significantly affected microbial activity by reducing acid phosphatase. Severe soil compaction decreased young tree growth and reduced N fertilizer uptake.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationJordan, D.; Ponder, F., Jr.; Hubbard, V. C. 2003. Effects of soil compaction, forest leaf litter and nitrogen fertilizer on two oak species and microbial activity. Applied Soil Ecology 23(1):33-41
KeywordsForest leaf litter, Nitrogen, Microbial activity, Red oak seedling (Quercus rubra L.), Scarlet oak seedling (Quercus coccinea Muencch)
- Herbivore-induced shifts in carbon and nitrogen allocation in red oak seedlings
- Regeneration of upper-elevation red oak in the White Mountains of New Hampshire
- Temporal Patterns of Oak Mortality in a Southern Appalachian Forest (1991-2006).
XML: View XML