Skip to Main Content
Physiological and environmental causes of freezing injury in red spruceAuthor(s): Paul G. Schaberg; Donald H. DeHayes
Source: In: Mickler, Robert A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hom, John, eds. Responses of northern U.S. forests to environmental change. Ecological studies 139. New York: Springer-Verlag: 181-227.
Publication Series: Other
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (2.71 MB)
DescriptionFor many, concerns about the implications of "environmental change" conjure up scenarios of forest responses to global warming, enrichment of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, and the northward migration of maladapted forests. From that perspective, the primary focus of this chapter, that is, causes of freezing injury to red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.), may seem somewhat counterintuitive and inconsistent with the overall theme of the book. However, the dramatically increased incidence of freezing injury to northern montane red spruce forests over the past four decades is, in fact, largely a function of human-induced environmental change.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationSchaberg, Paul G.; DeHayes, Donald H. 2000. Physiological and environmental causes of freezing injury in red spruce. In: Mickler, Robert A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hom, John, eds. Responses of northern U.S. forests to environmental change. Ecological studies 139. New York: Springer-Verlag: 181-227.
- Using environmental and site-specific variables to model current and potential distribution of red spruce forest habitat in West Virginia
- The current status of red spruce in the eastern United States: distribution, population trends, and environmental drivers
- Red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) cold hardiness and freezing injury susceptibility. Chapter 18
XML: View XML