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    Author(s): Jennifer C. Jenkins; David W. Kicklighter; John D. Aber
    Date: 2000
    Source: In: Mickler, Robert A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hom, John, eds. Responses of northern U.S. forests to environmental change. Ecological studies 139. New York: Springer-Verlag: 383-423.
    Publication Series: Other
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.46 MB)

    Description

    Net primary production (NPP) is defined as the rate at which carbon (C) is accumulated by autotrophs and is expressed as the difference between gross photosynthesis and autotrophic respiration. NPP is the resource providing for the growth and reproduction of all heterotrophs on Earth; as a result, it determines the planet's carrying capacity (Vitousek et al., 1986). For humans, terrestrial NPP is important because it is one determinant of the available food and wood supplies, and because it drives the rates of most other processes identified as "ecosystem services" provided by terrestrial systems (Costanza et al., 1997; Daily et al., 1997).

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Jenkins, Jennifer C.; Kicklighter, David W.; Aber, John D. 2000. Regional impacts of climate change and elevated carbon dioxide on forest productivity. In: Mickler, Robert A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hom, John, eds. Responses of northern U.S. forests to environmental change. Ecological studies 139. New York: Springer-Verlag: 383-423.

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