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The Effects of Removing Condition Boundaries on FIA EstimatesAuthor(s): David Gartner; Gregory Reams
Source: In: McRoberts, Ronald E.; Reams, Gregory A.; Van Deusen, Paul C.; McWilliams, William H.; Cieszewski, Chris J., eds. Proceedings of the fourth annual forest inventory and analysis symposium; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-252. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station. 149-153
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionWhen Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) changed to the national standards for the inventory system, plots with multiple condition codes were introduced to the Southern Station's FIA unit. FIA maps up to five different conditions on completely or partially forested 1/24-acre subplots. This change has made producing inventory estimates more complex because the data are analyzed by condition classes (partial plot) rather than on a whole plot. Methods for analyzing by condition classes are less intuitively obvious than methods based on a single condition for an entire plot. We compared the current standard of fully mapped plots to two methods that reduce the number of mapped conditions per plot using the following sets of rules. Rule 1 assigns the predominant condition to the entire plot, including plots that are partially forested. Rule 2 maps a single nonforest condition and a single forest condition, with the single forest condition predominant. The effects of these changes were shown by calculating forest area by forest type group and ownership and volume by species and diameter class. The effect of using just one condition per plot (rule 1) increased the estimated total forested area by 0.4 percent. Using rule 1 decreased the calculated total volume for the state by 3.9 percent. Using only one forested condition per plot (rule 2) did not change the total area estimate or the volume estimates. Both methods decreased the estimated variance for the total volume by 12 to 16 percent. The percent changes in the estimated values were greatest in the least occurring table entries, e.g., the rarest combinations of forest type and ownership group or combinations of species and diameter class.
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CitationGartner, David; Reams, Gregory. 2005. The Effects of Removing Condition Boundaries on FIA Estimates. In: McRoberts, Ronald E.; Reams, Gregory A.; Van Deusen, Paul C.; McWilliams, William H.; Cieszewski, Chris J., eds. Proceedings of the fourth annual forest inventory and analysis symposium; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-252. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station. 149-153
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- Estimation on the First Cycle of the Annual Forest Inventory System: Methods, Preliminary Results, and Observations
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