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    Author(s): Brent E. Ewers; Ram Oren; Timothy J. Albaugh; Phillip M. Dougherty
    Date: 1999
    Source: Ecological Applications 9(2), 1999, pp. 513-525
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (390 KB)

    Description

    Abstract. A study of the effects of nutrients and water supply (2 X 2 factorial experiment) was conducted in a 12-yr-old stand of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) during a period in which soil moisture was not augmented by irrigation because of frequent rain events. Information on the responses of sapwood-to-leaf area ratio and early-to-late wood ratio, to four years of treatments led to the hypothesis that the combination of increased nutrient and water supply (IF treatment) will increase tree transpiration rate per unit leaf area (EC,1) above Ec,1 in the control (C), as well as increasing Ec,1 above that when either the supply of water (I) or of nutrients (F) is increased. We further hypothesized that canopy transpiration (Ec) will rank IF > F > I = C, based on the ranking of leaf area index (L) and assuming that the ranking of Ec,1 is as first hypothesized. We rejected our first hypothesis, because F had lower Ec,1 than the other treatments, rather than IF having higher values. We could not reject the second hypothesis; the ranking of average daily Ec was 1.8 mm for IE 1.2 mm for F, and 0.7 mm for both C and I (SE < 0.1 mm for all treatments). Thus, it was the lower Ec,1 of the F treatment, relative to IF, that resulted in ranking of E, similar to that hypothesized. Lower Ec,1 in F trees was found to relate to lower canopy stomatal conductance, even though soil moisture conditions during the time of the study were similar in all treatments. Only trees in the F treatment absorbed a substantial amount of water (25%) below 1 m in the soil. These results indicate a "carry-over" effect of irrigation when combined with fertilization that increases Ec, in irrigated trees, relative to unirrigated trees, even under conditions when soil moisture is high and similar in all treatments.

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    Citation

    Ewers, Brent E.; Oren, Ram; Albaugh, Timothy J.; Dougherty, Phillip M. 1999. Carry-Over Effects of Water and Nutrient Supply on Water Use of Pinus Taeda. Ecological Applications 9(2), 1999, pp. 513-525

    Keywords

    local water balance, Pinus taeda, sapflux, stand transpiration, water and nutrient supply

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