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    Author(s): William T. Plass
    Date: 1977
    Source: Res. Pap. NE-376. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 10p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.36 MB)

    Description

    European black alder is recommended for planting on many surface mine spoils in the eastern United States. It grows rapidly on a range of spoil types and contributes to soil enrichment by fixing nitrogen and providing a leaf fall rich in nutrients. This study evaluated the effect of alder on the survival and growth of five hardwood and five pine species. After 10 growing seasons, the alder had had little effect on the survival of the interplanted species, but their height and diameter growth were greater in association with alder, Foliar analyses showed that the interplanted species had used nitrogen fixed by the alder.

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    Citation

    Plass, William T. 1977. Growth and Survival of Hardwoods and Pine Interplanted with European Alder. Res. Pap. NE-376. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 10p.

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