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    Author(s): R.A. Lautenschlager; C.H. Kircher; J.D. Podgwaite
    Date: 1977
    Source: Res. Pap. NE-377. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Experiment Station. 6p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (612.59 KB)

    Description

    Nucleopolyhedrosis virus (NPV) of the gypsy moth was fed to three mammalian predators of the insect: the white-footed mouse, the short-tailed shrew, and the Virginia opposum in the form of NPV-infected 5th instar gypsy moth larvae, polyhedral inclusion bodies (PIB's) mixed in dog food and PIB's mixed in a standard spray formulation. The total amount of NPV consumed by each treated mouse and shrew was equivalent to more than a 40-ha exposure for a 7Okg person, assuming the NPV was applied at the rate of 5.0 x 1011 PIB's/ha. Analyses of general body condition, weight, and reproductive efficiency, as well as necropsy and microscopic examination of tissues, indicated that the ingestion of NPV had no short-term effect on these predators of the gypsy moth.

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    Citation

    Lautenschlager, R.A.; Kircher, C.H.; Podgwaite, J.D. 1977. Effect of Nucleopolyhedrosis Virus on Selected Mammalian Predators of the Gypsy Moth. Res. Pap. NE-377. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Experiment Station. 6p.

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