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    Author(s): J. Wichman; R. Hawkins; P.M. Pijut
    Date: 2005
    Source: Native Plants Journal 6(3):282-285.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (216.4 KB)


    A combination of cover crops and straw mulch effectively protect fall-sown hardwood seeds from cold temperature damage and predation at our nursery in central Indiana. Before using this treatment, we experienced 30% to 90% crop losses on a regular basis, but now our seedbed densities are consistently at target and the resulting seedlings are larger. Specialized equipment facilitates the task and paid for itself through increased crop revenues in just 1 y.

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    Wichman, J.; Hawkins, R.; Pijut, P.M. 2005. Straw mulch prevents loss of fall-sown seeds to cold temperatures and wildlife predation. Native Plants Journal 6(3):282-285.


    seed predation, seed damage, nursery seedlings, oak, Quercus alba L.

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