Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Several line- and point-based sampling methods can be employed to estimate the aggregate dimensions of trees standing on a forested tract or pieces of coarse woody debris lying on the forest floor. Line methods include line intersect sampling, horizontal line sampling, and transect relascope sampling; point methods include variable- and fixed-radius plot sampling, and point relascope sampling. We demonstrate that the line methods can be interpreted as applications of importance sampling and that point methods can be interpreted as two-stage applications of importance sampling and crude Monte Carlo. Interestingly, each of the line methods also can be implemented as a point method. Operationally, the two stages of a point method effectively reduce to a single stage. Estimators of target parameters are derived from the Monte Carlo approach for all six methods. Two new methods of estimating cross-sectional areas of slanted or tilted log-shaped objects are suggested for use in line intersect sampling. Boundary problems also are discussed.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Valentine, Harry T.; Gove, Jeffrey H.; Gregoire, Timothy G. 2001. Monte Carlo approaches to sampling forested tracts with lines or points. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 31: 1410-1424.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/14618