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    The rotated-sigmoid form is a characteristic of old-growth, uneven-aged forest stands caused by past disturbances such as cutting, fire, disease, and insect attacks. The diameter frequency distribution of the rotated-sigmoid form is bimodal with the second rounded peak in the midsized classes, rather than a smooth, steeply descending, monotonic curve. In this study a finite mixture of two Weibull distributions is used to describe the diameter distributions of the rotated-sigmoid, uneven-aged forest stands. Four example stands are selected to demonstrate model fitting and comparison. Compared with a single Weibull or negative exponential function, the finite mixture model is the only one that fits the diameter distributions well and produces root mean square error at least four times smaller than the other two. The results show that the finite mixture distribution is a better alternative method for modeling the diameter distribution of the rotated-sigmoid, uneven-aged forest stands.

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    Zhang, Lianjun; Gove, Jeffrey H.; Liu, Chuangmin; Leak, William B. 2001. A finite mixture of two Weibull distributions for modeling the diameter distributions of rotated-sigmoid, uneven-aged stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 31: 1654-1659.

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