Skip to Main Content
Urban forests and parks as privacy refugesAuthor(s): William E. Hammitt
Source: Journal of Arboriculture 28(1):19-26
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (918.5 KB)
DescriptionUrban forests and parks are forested areas that can serve as refuges for privacy. This article presents a conceptual argument for urban forests and parks as privacy refuges, and data that support the argument. On-site visitors (n = 610) to four Cleveland, Ohio, U.S., Metroparks were surveyed in 1995. Results indicated that considerable amounts of privacy were obtained during visits to the urban forests and parks, that people spent an average of two-plus hours per visit to these privacy refuges, that certain settings (habitats) within the refuges were preferred over others for privacy, and that "reflective thought" was the most important function (benefit) that privacy served within the refuges. The findings have implications for preserving and managing urban forests and parks as nearby refuges where the basic human need for privacy can be found.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHammitt, William E. 2002. Urban forests and parks as privacy refuges. Journal of Arboriculture 28(1):19-26
KeywordsBenefits, solitude, visitor surveys, urban forestry
- The health benefits of small parks and green spaces
- U.S. Forest Service and partners deliver urban wildlife research in support of conservation and management
- The state factor model and urban forest restoration
XML: View XML