Skip to Main Content
Survival and growth of planted northern red oak in northern West VirginiaAuthor(s): Charles A. McNeel; David M. Hix; Edwin C. Townsend
Source: In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E.; Rink, George: eds. Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 222-228
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (1.3 MB)
DescriptionThe survival and growth of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) seedlings planted beneath a shelterwood in northern West Virginia were evaluated one year after planting. The use of 1.5 m (5 ft) tall TUBEX tree shelters on planted seedlings was also examined. The study was conducted on both excellent and good sites (site indices of 27 m (89 ft) and 22 m (74 ft) for northern red oak, respectively). The overstories on both sites were dominated by yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.), white oak (Quercus alba L.), and northern red oak. A replicated four-level split-plot experimental design was used. Treatments consisted of: site quality, shelterwood cutting, understory herbicide treatment, and tree shelters. Overstories and understories were manipulated in late winter, and 2-0 northern red oak nursery stock was planted and the tree shelters were installed the following spring. The tree shelters significantly increased seedling height growth but not survival. After one growing season, the survival of planted seedlings was 88%. Sheltered trees grew significantly more in height (21 cm) and were more vigorous than the unsheltered seedlings (11 cm). These initial results suggest that when using the shelterwood method, tree shelters will increase the growth of planted northern red oak seedlings.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationMcNeel, Charles A.; Hix, David M.; Townsend, Edwin C. 1993. Survival and growth of planted northern red oak in northern West Virginia. In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E.; Rink, George: eds. Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 222-228
- Tree shelters fail to enhance height growth of northern red oak in the upper peninsula of Michigan
- The influence of shade on northern red oak seedlings growth and carbon balance
- Releasing sheltered northern red oak during the early stem exclusion stage
XML: View XML