Skip to Main Content
Factors limiting northern red oak reproduction in PennsylvaniaAuthor(s): Russell S. Walters; L. R. Auchmoody
Source: In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E.; Rink, George: eds. Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 271-280
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (2.55 MB)
DescriptionWhen harvested, upland oak forests of northwestern Pennsylvania generally regenerate to new forests dominated by non-oak species. In 1988, the Northeastern Forest Experiment Station began to identify and learn to manipulate factors that limit the establishment and development of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) seedlings in second-generation stands on high-quality sites. The study includes three replications located within the Moshanon State Forest and four replications within the Allegheny National Forest on the unglaciated section of the Allegheny Plateau in northwestern Pennsylvania. Each replication includes six plots in which two each were cut to 40 and 60% relative density and two left uncut. One plot of each overstory density level was fenced to exclude deer and one-half of every plot was herbicided to control herbaceous cover and competing hardwoods. The major causes of regeneration failure in oak stands are low numbers and/or small size of oak advance reproduction. The small number of natural red oak seedlings results from infrequent seed crops and destruction of acorns by insects, deer, and small mammals. Deer, small mammals, and insects contribute to slow development and mortality of established seedlings.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWalters, Russell S.; Auchmoody, L. R. 1993. Factors limiting northern red oak reproduction in Pennsylvania. In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E.; Rink, George: eds. Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 271-280
- Effect of stand density and structure on the abundance of northern red oak advance reproduction
- Regeneration of red oak (Quercus rubra L.) using shelterwood systems: Ecophysiology, silviculture and management recommendations
- Sustaining northern red oak forests: managing oak from regeneration to canopy dominance in mature stands
XML: View XML