Skip to Main Content
Root development of acorn-origin oak seedlings in shelterwood stands on the Appalachian Plateau of northern Pennsylvania: 4-year resultsAuthor(s): Patrick H. Brose
Source: Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3374-3381.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (1.31 MB)
DescriptionPost-fire sprouting of oak seedlings in prescribe-burned shelterwood stands hinges on their root collar diameters exceeding 6.4 mm and root size depends on the type of partial cut and the time since harvest. To better understand this shelterwood stage/time/oak root size relationship, a study was begun in northern Pennsylvania in 2001. Acorns of black, chestnut, northern red, and white oak (Quercus velutina, Q. Montana, Q. rubra, and Q. alba, respectively) were planted in mixed-oak stands treated with one of the cuts of a three-step shelterwood sequence (uncut, preparatory cut, first removal cut, and final cut) and the root development of the resultant seedlings was followed for 4 years. Root development of all four oak species was the least in the uncut treatment and changed little after the first year. Only northern red oak showed an increase in root size in the preparatory cut by the fourth year. All oak species had significantly larger roots in the first removal cut and final cut treatments by the fourth year with black and northern red oak having their most root development in the final cut and chestnut and white oak having their most root growth in the first removal cut. All species in the first removal cut and final cut treatments were nearing or had surpassed the 6.4 mm root collar diameter threshold by the third or fourth year indicating that at least 4 or 5 years should pass between the harvest and the prescribed fire.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBrose, Patrick H. 2008. Root development of acorn-origin oak seedlings in shelterwood stands on the Appalachian Plateau of northern Pennsylvania: 4-year results. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3374-3381.
KeywordsQuercus, shelterwood, root collar diameter, prescribed fire
- A comparison of the survival and development of the seedlings of four upland oak species grown in four different understory light environments
- Changes in forest structure associated with oak decline in severely impacted areas of northern Arkansas
- Temporal Patterns of Oak Mortality in a Southern Appalachian Forest (1991-2006).
XML: View XML