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    Author(s): W. H. McWilliamsS. L. Stout; T. W. Bowersox; L. H. McCormick
    Date: 1993
    Source: In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E.; Rink, George: eds. Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 489
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (151.91 KB)

    Description

    Intensive research in several parts of Pennsylvania has demonstrated that dense herbaceous cover can inhibit the development of advance regeneration, and that advance regeneration often is lacking in Pennsylvania forests. The lack of quantitative statewide information on forest understory prompted a study to characterize advance regeneration and fern inhibition for Pennsylvania's forests.

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    Citation

    McWilliams, W. H.; Stout, S. L.; Bowersox, T. W.; McCormick, L. H. 1993. An assessment of advance regeneration and herbaceous communities in Pennsylvania forests. In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E.; Rink, George: eds. Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 489

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