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    Author(s): J. Danilo Chinea
    Date: 1997
    Source: In: Pallardy, Stephen G.; Cecich, Robert A.; Garrett, H. Gene; Johnson, Paul S., eds. Proceedings of the 11th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-188. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 216
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (101.16 KB)

    Description

    Spatial configuration and distribution of landscape elements have implications for the dynamics of forest ecosystems, and, therefore, for the management of these resources. The forest cover of Champaign County, in east-central Illinois, was mapped from 1940 and 1993 aerial photography and entered in a geographical information system database. In 1940, 208 forest patches amounted to 1,998 ha (or 0.8% of the county area). These patches had a mean area of 10 ha, a mean perimeter of 2,016 m, a mean perimeter to area ratio of 330, a fractal dimension of 1.47, and a mean nearest neighbor distance of 391 m. In 1993, 116 forest patches covered 3,370 ha (or 1.3% of the county area). These patches had a mean area of 29 ha, a mean perimeter of 4,272 m, a mean perimeter to area ratio of 247, a fractal dimension of 1.56, and a mean nearest neighbor distance of 558 m. However, only 179 ha and 480 ha can be considered interior forest (i.e., forest area within 100 m from the edges) in 1940 and 1993, respectively. In both years, almost all forest patches were located along the major rivers and streams of the county. During this 53 year period, the forest patches of this county have increased in size and shape complexity, and at the same time have become less fragmented. These changes resulted mostly from natural reforestation in portions of land adjacent to older forest patches, even though the number of forest patches was reduced in this period. Although these changes should result in improvements in habitat characteristics for the forest biota, this is still a very fragmented landscape and management alternatives should consider the spatial characteristics of these forest patches.

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    Citation

    Chinea, J. Danilo. 1997. Spatial configuration and distribution of forest patches in Champaign County, Illinois: 1940 to 1993. In: Pallardy, Stephen G.; Cecich, Robert A.; Garrett, H. Gene; Johnson, Paul S., eds. Proceedings of the 11th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-188. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 216

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