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Survival results of a biomass planting in the Missouri River floodplainAuthor(s): W. D. 'Dusty' Walter; John P. Dwyer
Source: In: Van Sambeek, J. W.; Dawson, Jeffery O.; Ponder Jr., Felix; Loewenstein, Edward F.; Fralish, James S., eds. Proceedings of the 13th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-234. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station: 177-185
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: North Central Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (290.4 KB)
DescriptionA factor essential to successful tree planting in unprotected floodplain environments is survival. Two-year survival results from tree planting in an unprotected floodplain adjacent to the Missouri River are presented. Species planted included silver maple, locally collected cottonwood, and a superior cottonwood selection from Westvaco Corporation. Two spacings, 4 x 4 feet and 8 x 8 feet, were established to evaluate mortality for each species. As a result of recurrent flooding, mortality was high for all tree species. At the end of both the first and second year silver maple had the best survival, averaging 85 and 27.5 percent, respectively. Lessons learned take into account the need to understand the dynamics of floodplain properties prior to reclamation and establishment. These dynamics include the relationship of changes in elevation that result not only in soil depth changes, but also duration of submersion during flood events. Intensive site preparation, as well as documenting the history of flood events, should precede the establishment of tree crops in floodplain environments.
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CitationWalter, W. D. ''Dusty''; Dwyer, John P. 2003. Survival results of a biomass planting in the Missouri River floodplain. In: Van Sambeek, J. W.; Dawson, Jeffery O.; Ponder Jr., Felix; Loewenstein, Edward F.; Fralish, James S., eds. Proceedings of the 13th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-234. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station: 177-185
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