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    Author(s): Terry F. Strong
    Date: 2005
    Source: In: Weigel, D.R.; Van Sambeek, J.W.; Michler, C.H., eds. Ninth workshop on seedling physiology and growth problems in oak plantings. 2004 October 18-20; West Lafayette, IN. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-262. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station: 19.
    Publication Series: Other
    Station: North Central Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (58.74 KB)

    Description

    A study was established 20 years ago in northern Wisconsin to examine the minimum size of seedlings to ensure seedling survival after the overstory was removed in a red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) stand. About 65 percent of the site was scarified in 1985 with a woods disc. The overstory was removed 3, 4, 5, and 6 years after scarification. The site index is poor for sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) (SI=50) but good for red oak and paper birch (SI=70 and 60, respectively).

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    Citation

    Strong, Terry F. 2005. Early stand development in a red oak-paper birch stand regenerated through the shelterwood system in northern Wisconsin. In: Weigel, D.R.; Van Sambeek, J.W.; Michler, C.H., eds. Ninth workshop on seedling physiology and growth problems in oak plantings. 2004 October 18-20; West Lafayette, IN. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-262. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station: 19.

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/17235