Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Unique programming: an examination of the benefits of a free choice programAuthor(s): Dorothy L. Schmalz; Deborah L. Kerstetter; Harry C. Zinn
Source: In: Todd, Sharon, comp., ed. 2002. Proceedings of the 2001 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-289. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 81-84.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (315.57 KB)
DescriptionThis study was an investigation of a free choice program and the benefits free choice yields on the developing characteristics of self-esteem and intrinsic motivation among adolescent girls. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected at Brown Ledge Camp, an all girls summer camp outside of Burlington, Vermont, during the summer of 2000. Quantitative results indicate that intrinsic motivation increases over the course of the free choice program. The qualitative data appears to support the literature that both intrinsic motivation and self-esteem increase when participants are given the freedom to make their own recreation participation decisions.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
CitationSchmalz, Dorothy L.; Kerstetter, Deborah L.; Zinn, Harry C. 2002. Unique programming: an examination of the benefits of a free choice program. In: Todd, Sharon, comp., ed. 2002. Proceedings of the 2001 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-289. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 81-84.
- Effectiveness of metaphoric facilitation techniques in a challenge course program on the empowerment of women participants
- Green is for growing: the Girl Scout experience with environmental programs
- The effect of perceptions of support for autonomy, relatedness, and competence on interest in camp for adolescent girls
XML: View XML