Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Chris B. LeDoux; Ethel Wilkerson
    Date: 2006
    Source: Res. Pap. NRS-1. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 16 p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (501.55 KB)


    Forest landowners, managers, loggers, land-use planners, and other decision and policy-makers need to understand the opportunity costs and ecological benefits associated with different widths of streamside management zones (SMZs). In this paper, a simulation model was used to assess the opportunity costs of SMZ retention for four different logging systems, two mature hardwood stands, and five levels of streamside zone protection. Results from this assessment suggest that protection costs range from $252 to $1,659/ha depending on the SMZ width, the logging technology used to harvest the timber, and the species composition of the tract. A literature review was used to score the ability of different SMZ widths to protect riparian function. We quantified the economic costs and environmental benefits of SMZs. The results showed that to fully protect against post-harvest changes in riparian function, 45-m SMZs are needed. This protection will cost landowners between $30.54 and $67.02/ha/year depending on the stand type and logging technology.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    LeDoux, Chris B.; Wilkerson, Ethel. 2006. A case study assessing opportunity costs and ecological benefits of streamside management zones and logging systems for eastern hardwood forests. Res. Pap. NRS-1. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 16 p.


    Google Scholar


    ecological functions, capital recovery costs, simulation, optimization, riparian zones, cost/benefit ratio

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page