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Oak declineAuthor(s): Kenneth J., Jr. Kessler; David R. Houston
Source: In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.12
Publication Series: Other
Station: North Central Research Station
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DescriptionOak declines are complex plant diseases that result when trees are first stressed by environmental factors and/or living organisms and are then invaded and sometimes killed by opportunistic secondary organisms.
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CitationKessler, Kenneth J., Jr.; Houston, David R. 1989. Oak decline. In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.12
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