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The greenhouse gas and energy impacts of using wood instead of alternatives in residential construction in the United StatesAuthor(s): Brad Upton; Reid Miner; Mike Spinney; Linda S. Heath
Source: Biomass and Bioenergy. 32: 1-10.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (263.99 KB)
DescriptionData developed by the Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials were used to estimate savings of greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption associated with use of wood-based building materials in residential construction in the United States. Results indicate that houses with wood-based wall systems require 15-16% less total energy for non-heating/cooling purposes than thermally comparable houses employing alternative steel- or concrete-based building systems. Results for non-renewable energy consumption are essentially the same as those for total energy, reflecting the fact that most of the displaced energy is in fossil fuels. Over a 100-year period, net greenhouse gas emissions associated with wood-based houses are 20-50% lower than emissions associated with thermally comparable houses employing steel- or concrete-based building systems.
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CitationUpton, Brad; Miner, Reid; Spinney, Mike; Heath, Linda S. 2008. The greenhouse gas and energy impacts of using wood instead of alternatives in residential construction in the United States. Biomass and Bioenergy. 32: 1-10.
Keywordscarbon, greenhouse gases, GHG, building materials, residential construction, wood products, lifecycle, CORRIM, LCA, concrete, steel, forestry
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