Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Suppression of Bark Beetles and Protection of Pines in the Urban Environment: A Case StudyAuthor(s): Jane Leslie Hayes; James R. Meeker; John L. Foltz; Brian L. Strom
Source: Journal of Arborculture 22(2): March 1996
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (135.0 KB)
DescriptionSouthern pine beetles (SPB), and associated bark beetles, have long been recognized as major pests of southern forests. Tactics used for controlling infestations in conventional forest settings have not proven effective at achieving area-wide control, nor are they suitable for the control of infestations in high-value stands such as homesites or wildlife habitat areas. Limited options exist for protecting high-risk uninfested pines of urban forests and often pose undesirable risks. One of the most promising areas in bark beetle research currently being experimentally tested on a large-scale is the use of deterrent behavioral chemicals (semio-chemicals), produced by the insects or their host trees, as biopesticides to disrupt or inhibit infestations. In addition to traditional suppression tactics instituted in an unprecedented SPB outbreak in Gainesville, Florida, a semiochemical, 4-allylanisole (4-AA), was successfully tested as a protectant of pines in residential areas. 4-AA is a host-produced compound with repellent properties to many species of conifer-feeding bark beetles. The "freak" SPB outbreak in this urban environment and successful actions taken to mitigate damage are discussed.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHayes, Jane Leslie; Meeker, James R.; Foltz, John L.; Strom, Brian L. 1996. Suppression of Bark Beetles and Protection of Pines in the Urban Enviroment: A Case Study. Journal of Arborculture 22(2): March 1996
- Use of Chemicals for Prevention and Control of Southern Pine Beetle Infestations
- Identification of a host compound and its practical applications: 4-allylanisole as a bark beetle repellent
- Growth-differentiation balance: a basis for understanding southern pine beetle - tree interactions
XML: View XML