Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): J. Morgan Grove; Karen E. Hinson; Robert J. Northrop
    Date: 2003
    Source: In: Berkowitz, Alan R.; Nilon, Charles H.; Hollweg, Karen S., eds. Understanding Urban Ecosystems; A New Frontier for Science and Education: New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York. 167-186.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (4.3 MB)

    Description

    The shape and dynamics of cities are the result of physical, biological, and social forces. We include the term dynamic to emphasize that cities change over time and are the result of both idiosyncratic events and dominant trends. To begin to understand the patterns and processes of cities, we approach the idiosyncratic and dominant - whether it is physical, biological, or social - within an historic context.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Grove, J. Morgan; Hinson, Karen E.; Northrop, Robert J. 2003. A social ecology approach to understanding urban ecosystems and landscapes. In: Berkowitz, Alan R.; Nilon, Charles H.; Hollweg, Karen S., eds. Understanding Urban Ecosystems; A New Frontier for Science and Education: New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York. 167-186.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page