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    Author(s): Marla Emery; Shandra L. O'Halek
    Date: 2001
    Source: In: Emery, Marla R.; McLain, Rebecca J., eds. Non-timber forest products: medicinal herbs, fungi, edible fruits and nuts, and other natural products from the forest. Binghamton, NY: Food Products Press: 25-30
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (420.08 KB)

    Description

    Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) have sustained indigenous and immigrant populations alike since their arrival in North America. This brief overview focuses on the historical use of NTFPs in the U.S. Pacific Northwest and Upper Midwest. Drawing on sources as diverse as accounts by early European arrivals, archaeological evidence, and contemporary ethnobotanical studies, we touch on documented uses of forest vegetation from prehistory to the present century. The residents of those regions have used NTFPs for food, medicine, and cultural materials. NTFPs have met their livelihood needs through subsistence uses and both non-market and market exchanges. We conclude that in spite of U.S. inclusion into a global market-based economy, there is notable continuity in the harvest and use of NTFPs in the United States from prehistory to current times.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Emery, Marla; O''Halek, Shandra L. 2001. Brief overview of historical non-timber forest product use in the U.S. Pacific Northwest and Upper Midwest. In: Emery, Marla R.; McLain, Rebecca J., eds. Non-timber forest products: medicinal herbs, fungi, edible fruits and nuts, and other natural products from the forest. Binghamton, NY: Food Products Press: 25-30

    Keywords

    Non-timber forest products, environmental history, human-forest interactions, Michigan, Pacific Northwest

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