Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Human preference for ecological units: patterns of dispersed campsites within landtype associations on the Chippewa National ForestAuthor(s): Lisa Whitcomb; Dennis Parker; Bob Carr; Paul Gobster; Herb Schroeder
Source: In: Todd, Sharon, comp., ed. 2002. Proceedings of the 2001 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-289. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 429-434.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (399.55 KB)
DescriptionForest Service landscape architects sought a method for determining if people showed a preference for certain landscape-scale ecosystems and if ecological classification units could be used in visual resource management. A study was conducted on the Chippewa National Forest to test whether there was a systematic relationship between dispersed campsite locations and landtype associations (LTA) (most National Forests allow "free-choice" camping; sites with repeated use are inventoried and monitored as "dispersed campsites"). A statistically significant pattern exists in dispersed campsite locations as a function of LTAs. End moraine and sand plain LTAs contain the most campsites, while people apparently show little inclination to pitch their tents in the peatlands and ancient lakeplains. The test reinforces many conclusions from existing landscape preference research, such as people's preference for water bodies (Kaplan & Kaplan, 1989; Herzog, 1985; USDA, 1974; Ellsworth, 1982). The findings also indicate that landscape scale management of visual resources using Ecological Classification and Inventory units may be appropriate and that LTAs could be used as a forest planning unit that "links" the social and natural environment.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWhitcomb, Lisa; Parker, Dennis; Carr, Bob; Gobster, Paul; Schroeder, Herb. 2002. Human preference for ecological units: patterns of dispersed campsites within landtype associations on the Chippewa National Forest. In: Todd, Sharon, comp., ed. 2002. Proceedings of the 2001 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-289. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 429-434.
- Human dimensions of early successional landscapes in the eastern United States
- The effect of human-caused visual impacts on restorative character of an arid wildland recreation setting
- Placing man in regional landscape classification: Use of Forest Survey data to assess human influences for southern U.S. forest ecosystems
XML: View XML