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    Forests and trees in urban areas provide many environmental and economic benefits that can lead to improved environmental quality and human health. These benefits include improvements in air and water quality, richer terrestrial and aquatic habitat, cooler air temperatures, and reductions in building energy use, ultraviolet radiation levels, and noise. As urbanization expands within forested regions, trees and forests are replaced with compacted soils, buildings, roads, and cars. This shift from forest to urban land uses changes the local and downwind/downstream environment and consequently impacts local and regional air and water quality.

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    Nowak, David J.; Wang, Jun; Endreny, Ted. 2007. Environmental and economic benefits of preserving forests within urban areas: air and water quality. Chapter 4. In: de Brun, Constance T.F., ed. The economic benefits of land conservation. The Trust for Public Land: 28-47.

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