Skip to Main Content
Recreation safety in municipal parks - Bloomington, Indiana and Tsukuba, Japan: a comparison study of risk managementAuthor(s): Bruce Hronek
Source: In: Kyle, Gerard, comp., ed. 2001. Proceedings of the 2000 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-276. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 143-144
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (137.38 KB)
DescriptionCultural differences affects the design and use of playground equipment in parks. Comparative research exploring the differences in playground facilities, parental supervision, and use was conducted on-site in Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Perfecture, Japan and Bloomington, Indiana, USA. The study examines park design, play equipment, sports fields, use patterns, and parental supervision of children. The study evaluates the relative user risk to injury in both cultural setting. A primary concern of park administrator in the United States is the prevalence of law suits resulting from accidents. In the United States, risk managers and playground safety specialists play key roles in park and recreation department policy, making and facility design. The job of risk mangers is to identify hazards and reduce the risks which are predicted to be the source of injuries and loss. In the past few decades recreation administrators have learned that users of their facilities and participants in their programs will demand compensation if they are injured. Public agencies are particularly susceptible to litigation. Recreation related litigation and law suits are nearly nonexistent in Japan's society. This fact exists with the knowledge that design of facilities and playgrounds in Japan are somewhat dangerous when compared to United States Standards. Japanese park administrators and designers appear not to be overly concerned with possible injury claims and law suits involving hazardous park conditions.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHronek, Bruce. 2001. Recreation safety in municipal parks - Bloomington, Indiana and Tsukuba, Japan: a comparison study of risk management. In: Kyle, Gerard, comp., ed. 2001. Proceedings of the 2000 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-276. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 143-144
- Visitor perceptions of the benefits of local park
- Planning for youth days: planting the SEED to get youth outdoors in nature
- Outdoor recreation and nontraditional users: results of focus group interviews with racial and ethnic minorities
XML: View XML